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Anatomy and Physiology Basic Terminology

Categories Human Anatomy and Physiology Q&A Format

Questions

Short Answers

  • Define Anatomy and Physiology?
  • Define anatomical position, sagittal plane?
  • Mention the descriptive terms used in Anatomy?

Answers

Anatomy is the study of the structure of the body and the physical relationships involved between body systems.
Physiology is the study of how the systems of the bodywork, and the ways in which their integrated cooperation maintains life and health of the individual.

Anatomical position:
For humans, the anatomical position has a person standing erect, with feet facing forward, the arms at the sides, palms of the hands facing inferior, and fingers pointing straight down.
Sagittal plane is an anatomical boundary that exists between the left and right sides of the body. The sagittal plane runs parallel to the longitudinal axis of the organism.

Descriptive terms used in Anatomy:
Medial – Structure is nearer to the midline
Lateral – Structure is further from the midline, or at the side of the body
Proximal – Nearer to a point of attachment of a limb, or origin of a body part
Distal – Further from a point of attachment of a limb, or origin of a body part
Anterior or Ventral – Part of the body being described is nearer the front of the body
Posterior or Dorsal – Part of the body being described is nearer the back of the body
Superior – Structure nearer the head
Inferior – Structure further from the head.

Book Recommendations:
Anatomy and Physiology

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